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Inhoudsopgave
Universal Postal Convention
+ SOLE CHAPTER. GENERAL PROVISIONS
- CHAPTER 1. PROVISION OF SERVICES
+ CHAPTER 2. LIABILITY
+ CHAPTER 3. PROVISIONS SPECIFIC TO LETTER POST
- CHAPTER 1. PROVISIONS SPECIFIC TO LETTER POST
+ CHAPTER 2. OTHER PROVISIONS
Article 38. Conditions for approval of proposals concerning the Convention and the Regulations
Article 39. Reservations at Congress
Article 40. Entry into force and duration of the Convention
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Geschiedenis

Geschiedenis-overzicht

Algemeen Postverdrag, Doha, 11-10-2012

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Geldigheidsdatum:
Ingangsdatum:
The undersigned, plenipotentiaries of the governments of the member countries of the Union, having regard to article 22.3 of the Constitution of the Universal Postal Union concluded at Vienna on 10 July 1964, have by common consent and subject to article 25.4 of the Constitution drawn up in this Convention the rules applicable throughout the international postal service.
1.
Member countries shall ensure that their designated operators accept, handle, convey and deliver letter-post items.
2.
Letter-post items are:
2.1 priority items and non-priority items, up to 2 kilogrammes;
2.2 letters, postcards, printed papers and small packets, up to 2 kilogrammes;
2.3 items for the blind, up to 7 kilogrammes;
2.4 special bags containing newspapers, periodicals, books and similar printed documentation for the same addressee at the same address called “M bags”, up to 30 kilogrammes.
3.
Letter-post items shall be classified on the basis either of the speed of treatment of the items or of the contents of the items in accordance with the Letter Post Regulations.
4.
Higher weight limits than those indicated in paragraph 2 apply optionally for certain letter-post item categories under the conditions specified in the Letter Post Regulations.
5.
Subject to paragraph 8, member countries shall also ensure that their designated operators accept, handle, convey and deliver postal parcels up to 20 kilogrammes, either as laid down in the Convention, or, in the case of outward parcels and after bilateral agreement, by any other means which is more advantageous to their customers.
6.
Weight limits higher than 20 kilogrammes apply optionally for certain parcel-post categories under the conditions specified in the Parcel Post Regulations.
7.
Any member country whose designated operator does not undertake the conveyance of parcels may arrange for the provisions of the Convention to be implemented by transport companies. It may, at the same time, limit this service to parcels originating in or addressed to places served by these companies.
8.
Notwithstanding paragraph 5, member countries which, prior to 1 January 2001 were not parties to the Postal Parcels Agreement shall not be obliged to provide the postal parcels service.
1.
Within the classification systems referred to in article 13.3, letter-post items may also be classified on the basis of their format as small letters (P), large letters (G) or bulky letters (E). The size and weight limits are specified in the Letter Post Regulations.
1.
Member countries shall ensure the provision of the following mandatory supplementary services:
1.1 registration service for outbound priority and airmail letter-post items;
1.2 registration service for all inbound registered letter-post items.
2.
Member countries or their designated operators may provide the following optional supplementary services in relations between those designated operators which agreed to provide the service:
2.1 insurance for letter-post items and parcels;
2.2 cash-on-delivery service for letter-post items and parcels;
2.3 express delivery service for letter-post items and parcels;
2.4 delivery to the addressee in person of registered or insured letter-post items;
2.5 free of charges and fees delivery service for letter-post items and parcels;
2.6 fragile and cumbersome parcels services;
2.7 consignment service for collective items from one consignor sent abroad;
2.8 merchandise return service, which involves the return of merchandise by the addressee to the original seller, with the latter’s authorization.
3.
The following three supplementary services have both mandatory and optional parts:
3.1 international business reply service (IBRS), which is basically optional. All member countries or their designated operators shall, however, be obliged to operate the IBRS “return” service;
3.2 international reply coupons, which shall be exchangeable in any member country. The sale of international reply coupons is, however, optional;
3.3 advice of delivery for registered letter-post items, parcels and insured items. All member countries or their designated operators shall admit incoming advices of delivery. The provision of an outward advice of delivery service is, however, optional.
4.
The description of these services and their charges are set out in the Regulations.
5.
Where the service features below are subject to special charges in the domestic service, designated operators shall be authorized to collect the same charges for international items, under the conditions described in the Regulations:
5.1 delivery for small packets weighing over 500 grammes;
5.2 letter-post items posted after the latest time of posting;
5.3 items posted outside normal counter opening hours;
5.4 collection at sender’s address;
5.5 withdrawal of a letter-post item outside normal counter opening hours;
5.6 poste restante;
5.7 storage for letter-post items weighing over 500 grammes, and for parcels;
5.8 delivery of parcels, in response to the advice of arrival;
5.9 cover against risks of force majeure.
1.
Member countries or designated operators may agree with each other to participate in the following services, which are described in the Regulations:
1.1 EMS, which is a postal express service for documents and merchandise, and shall whenever possible be the quickest postal service by physical means. This service may be provided on the basis of the EMS Standard Multilateral Agreement or by bilateral agreement;
1.2 integrated logistics, which is a service that responds fully to customers’ logistical requirements and includes the phases before and after the physical transmission of goods and documents.
1.
Member countries or designated operators may agree with each other to participate in the following electronic postal services, which are described in the Regulations:
1.1 electronic postal mail, which is an electronic postal service involving the transmission of electronic messages and information by designated operators;
1.2 electronic postal registered mail, which is a secure electronic postal service that provides proof of sending and proof of delivery of an electronic message and a secure communication channel to the authenticated users;
1.3 electronic postal certification mark, which provides evidentiary proof of an electronic event, in a given form, at a given time, and involving one or more parties;
1.4 electronic postal mailbox, which enables the sending of electronic messages by an authenticated mailer and the delivery and storage of electronic messages and information for the authenticated addressee.
1.
General
1.1 Items not fulfilling the conditions laid down in the Convention and the Regulations shall not be admitted. Items sent in furtherance of a fraudulent act or with the intention of avoiding full payment of the appropriate charges shall not be admitted.
1.2 Exceptions to the prohibitions contained in this article are set out in the Regulations.
1.3 All member countries or their designated operators shall have the option of extending the prohibitions contained in this article, which may be applied immediately upon their inclusion in the relevant compendium.
2.
Prohibitions in all categories of items
2.1 The insertion of the articles referred to below shall be prohibited in all categories of items:
2.1.1 narcotics and psychotropic substances, as defined by the International Narcotics Control Board, or other illicit drugs which are prohibited in the country of destination;
2.1.2 obscene or immoral articles;
2.1.3 counterfeit and pirated articles;
2.1.4 other articles the importation or circulation of which is prohibited in the country of destination;
2.1.5 articles which, by their nature or their packing, may expose officials or the general public to danger, or soil or damage other items, postal equipment or third-party property;
2.1.6 documents having the character of current and personal correspondence exchanged between persons other than the sender and the addressee or persons living with them;
3.
Explosive, flammable or radioactive materials and dangerous goods
3.1 The insertion of explosive, flammable or other dangerous goods as well as radioactive materials shall be prohibited in all categories of items.
3.2 The insertion of replica and inert explosive devices and military ordnance, including replica and inert grenades, inert shells and the like, shall be prohibited in all categories of items.
3.3 Exceptionally, the dangerous goods specifically referred to in the Regulations as being admissible shall be admitted.
4.
Live animals
4.1 Live animals shall be prohibited in all categories of items.
4.2 Exceptionally, the following shall be admitted in letter-post items other than insured items:
4.2.1 bees, leeches and silk-worms;
4.2.2 parasites and destroyers of noxious insects intended for the control of those insects and exchanged between officially recognized institutions;
4.2.3 flies of the family Drosophilidae for biomedical research exchanged between officially recognized institutions.
4.3 Exceptionally, the following shall be admitted in parcels:
4.3.1 live animals whose conveyance by post is authorized by the postal regulations and/or national legislation of the countries concerned.
5.
Insertion of correspondence in parcels
5.1 The insertion of the articles mentioned below shall be prohibited in postal parcels:
5.1.1 correspondence, with the exception of archived materials, exchanged between persons other than the sender and the addressee or persons living with them.
6.
Coins, bank notes and other valuable articles
6.1 It shall be prohibited to insert coins, bank notes, currency notes or securities of any kind payable to bearer, travellers’ cheques, platinum, gold or silver, whether manufactured or not, precious stones, jewels or other valuable articles:
6.1.1 in uninsured letter-post items;
6.1.1.1 however, if the national legislation of the countries of origin and destination permits this, such articles may be sent in a closed envelope as registered items;
6.1.2 in uninsured parcels; except where permitted by the national legislation of the countries of origin and destination;
6.1.3 in uninsured parcels exchanged between two countries which admit insured parcels;
6.1.3.1 in addition, any member country or designated operator may prohibit the enclosure of gold bullion in insured or uninsured parcels originating from or addressed to its territory or sent in transit à découvert across its territory; it may limit the actual value of these items.
7.
Printed papers and items for the blind:
7.1 shall not bear any inscription or contain any item of correspondence;
7.2 shall not contain any postage stamp or form of prepayment, whether cancelled or not, or any paper representing a monetary value, except in cases where the item contains as an enclosure a card, envelope or wrapper bearing the printed address of the sender of the item or his agent in the country of posting or destination of the original item, which is prepaid for return.
8.
Treatment of items wrongly admitted
8.1 The treatment of items wrongly admitted is set out in the Regulations. However, items containing articles mentioned in 2.1.1, 2.1.2, 3.1 and 3.2 shall in no circumstances be forwarded to their destination, delivered to the addressees or returned to origin. In the case of articles mentioned in 2.1.1, 3.1 and 3.2 discovered while in transit, such items shall be handled in accordance with the national legislation of the country of transit.
1.
Each designated operator shall be bound to accept inquiries relating to parcels or registered or insured items posted in its own service or that of any other designated operator, provided that the inquiries are presented within a period of six months from the day after that on which the item was posted. The transmission of inquiries shall be made by registered priority mail, by EMS or by electronic means. The period of six months shall concern relations between claimants and designated operators and shall not include the transmission of inquiries between designated operators.
2.
Inquiries shall be entertained under the conditions laid down in the Regulations.
3.
Inquiries shall be free of charge. However, additional costs caused by a request for transmission by EMS shall, in principle, be borne by the person making the request.
1.
The designated operators of the countries of origin and destination shall be authorized to submit items to customs control, according to the legislation of those countries.
2.
Items submitted to customs control may be subjected to a presentation-to-Customs charge, the guideline amount of which is set in the Regulations. This charge shall only be collected for the submission to Customs and customs clearance of items which have attracted customs charges or any other similar charge.
3.
Designated operators which are authorized to clear items through the Customs on behalf of customers, whether in the name of the customer or of the designated operator of the destination country, may charge customers a customs clearance fee based on the actual costs. This fee may be charged for all items declared at Customs according to national legislation, including those exempt from customs duty. Customers shall be clearly informed in advance about the required fee.
4.
Designated operators shall be authorized to collect from the senders or addressees of items, as the case may be, the customs duty and all other fees which may be due.
1.
Closed letter-post mails may be exchanged through the intermediary of the land, sea or air services of other countries:
1.1 between the post offices of any member country and the commanding officers of military units placed at the disposal of the United Nations;
1.2 between the commanding officers of such military units;
1.3 between the post offices of any member country and the commanding officers of naval, air or army units, warships or military aircraft of the same country stationed abroad;
1.4 between the commanding officers of naval, air or army units, warships or military aircraft of the same country.
2.
Letter-post items enclosed in the mails referred to under 1 shall be confined to items addressed to or sent by members of military units or the officers and crews of the ships or aircraft to or from which the mails are forwarded. The rates and conditions of dispatch applicable to them shall be fixed, according to its regulations, by the designated operator of the member country which has made the military unit available or to which the ships or aircraft belong.
3.
In the absence of special agreement, the designated operator of the member country which has made the military unit available or to which the warships or military aircraft belong shall be liable to the designated operators concerned for the transit charges for the mails, the terminal dues and the air conveyance dues.
1.
Member countries or their designated operators shall establish and publish delivery standards and targets for their inward letter-post items and parcels.
2.
These standards and targets, increased by the time normally required for customs clearance, shall be no less favourable than those applied to comparable items in their domestic service.
3.
Member countries or their designated operators of origin shall also establish and publish end-to-end standards for priority and airmail letter-post items as well as for parcels and economy/surface parcels.
4.
Member countries or their designated operators shall measure the application of quality of service standards.