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Verdrag tot bescherming van de rechten van de mens en de fundamentele vrijheden, Rome, 04-11-1950
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Inhoudsopgave
Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
+ Article 1. - Obligation to respect human rights
Article 2. - Right to life
Article 3. - Prohibition of torture
Article 4. - Prohibition of slavery and forced labour
Article 5. - Right to liberty and security
Article 6. - Right to a fair trial
Article 7. - No punishment without law
Article 8. - Right to respect for private and family life
Article 9. - Freedom of thought, conscience and religion
Article 10. - Freedom of expression
Article 11. - Freedom of assembly and association
Article 12. - Right to marry
Article 13. - Right to an effective remedy
Article 14. - Prohibition of discrimination
Article 15. - Derogation in time of emergency
Article 16. - Restrictions on political activity of aliens
Article 17. - Prohibition of abuse of rights
+ Article 18. - Limitation on use of restrictions on rights
Article 19. - Establishment of the Court
Article 20. - Number of judges
Article 21. - Criteria for office
Article 22. - Election of judges
Article 23. - Terms of office and dismissal
Article 24. - Registry and rapporteurs
Article 25. - Plenary Court
Article 26. - Single-judge formation, committees, Chambers and Grand Chamber
Article 27. - Competence of single judges
Article 28. - Competence of committees
Article 29. - Decisions by Chambers on admissibility and merits
Article 30. - Relinquishment of jurisdiction to the Grand Chamber
Article 31. - Powers of the Grand Chamber
Article 32. - Jurisdiction of the Court
Article 33. - Inter-State cases
Article 34. - Individual applications
Article 35. - Admissibility criteria
Article 36. - Third-party intervention
Article 37. - Striking out applications
Article 38. - Examination of the case
Article 39. - Friendly settlements
Article 40. - Public hearings and access to documents
Article 41. - Just satisfaction
Article 42. - Judgments of Chambers
Article 43. - Referral to the Grand Chamber
Article 44. - Final judgments
Article 45. - Reasons for judgments and decisions
Article 46. - Binding force and execution of judgments
Article 47. - Advisory opinions
Article 48. - Advisory jurisdiction of the Court
Article 49. - Reasons for advisory opinions
Article 50. - Expenditure on the Court
+ Article 51. - Privileges and immunities of judges
Article 52. - Enquiries by the Secretary General
Article 53. - Safeguard for existing human rights
Article 54. - Powers of the Committee of Ministers
Article 55. - Exclusion of other means of dispute settlement
Article 56. - Territorial application
Article 57. - Reservations
Article 58. - Denunciation
Article 59. - Signature and ratification
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Geschiedenis

Geschiedenis-overzicht

Artikel 6 Verdrag tot bescherming van de rechten van de mens en de fundamentele vrijheden, Rome, 04-11-1950

The Governments signatory hereto, being Members of the Council of Europe,
Considering the Universal Declaration of Human Rights proclaimed by the General Assembly of the United Nations on 10th December 1948;
Considering that this Declaration aims at securing the universal and effective recognition and observance of the Rights therein declared;
Considering that the aim of the Council of Europe is the achievement of greater unity between its Members and that one of the methods by which that aim is to be pursued is the maintenance and further realisation of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms;
Reaffirming their profound belief in those Fundamental Freedoms which are the foundation of justice and peace in the world and are best maintained on the one hand by an effective political democracy and on the other by a common understanding and observance of the Human Rights upon which they depend;
Being resolved, as the Governments of European countries which are likeminded and have a common heritage of political traditions, ideals, freedom and the rule of law, to take the first steps for the collective enforcement of certain of the Rights stated in the Universal Declaration;
Have agreed as follows:
1.
In the determination of his civil rights and obligations or of any criminal charge against him, everyone is entitled to a fair and public hearing within a reasonable time by an independent and impartial tribunal established by law. Judgment shall be pronounced publicly but the press and public may be excluded from all or part of the trial in the interests of morals, public order or national security in a democratic society, where the interests of juveniles or the protection of the private life of the parties so require, or to the extent strictly necessary in the opinion of the court in special circumstances where publicity would prejudice the interests of justice.
2.
Everyone charged with a criminal offence shall be presumed innocent until proved guilty according to law.
3.
Everyone charged with a criminal offence has the following minimum rights:
(a) to be informed promptly, in a language which he understands and in detail, of the nature and cause of the accusation against him;
(b) to have adequate time and facilities for the preparation of his defence;
(c) to defend himself in person or through legal assistance of his own choosing or, if he has not sufficient means to pay for legal assistance, to be given it free when the interests of justice so require;
(d) to examine or have examined witnesses against him and to obtain the attendance and examination of witnesses on his behalf under the same conditions as witnesses against him;
(e) to have the free assistance of an interpreter if he cannot understand or speak the language used in court.